The citrus subfamily Aurantioideae

of the Rutaceae family
 
The citrus subfamily
, Aurantioideae (Citroideae) forms part of the Rutaceae family. As a rule of thumb the citrus fruits presented on the Citrus Pages belong to the citrus subfamily. Subfamilies fall into tribes and subtribes, which in their turn have genera and species. The citrus subfamily has two tribes:

Tribe 1. Clauseneae, which has 3 subtribes, 5 genera and 79 species; and
Tribe 2. Citreae, which includes 3 subtribes, 9 subtribal groups, 28 genera and 124 species.

A more thorough presentation of the botanical structure of the citrus subfamily (Aurantioideae) can be found in the Introduction to the Citrus Industry and in Swingle's  The Botany of Citrus. Most of the genera and species mentioned in these books are rare types occuring only in the wild and not commercially or otherwise cultivated.

More interesting to the average consumer or citrus enthusiast are the subtribes, genera and species listed below, which either bear edible fruit or are decorative plants or rootstock used in commercial cultivation.

In the table below the citrus types presented in the Citrus Pages are arranged by subtribe, subtribal group, genus and species. Please remember that a species may have dozens of cultivated varieties which can be found on the page of the relevant species. For example Citrus reticulata (common mandarin) has 8 subtypes with more than 100 cultivated varieties. In addition there are many hybrids, both between different species within the same genus and hybrids between two or even three genera. These are discussed under the relevant species.

The names in this table are the classic names used in much of citrus literature and in the above-mentioned part of The Citrus Industry.
For today's approach to the botany of citrus fruits and the actual names used on Citrus Pages please see the Citrus Classification page.

 
The citrus subfamily Aurantioideae

its subtribes, genera and species
 
Subtribe Subtribal Group Genus Species Common name
 
Citrinae
: Citrus Fruit Trees
         
   The True Citrus Fruit Trees         
 
Citrus aurantiifolia Lime
    Citrus aurantium Sour orange
    Citrus deliciosa Mediterranean mandarin
    Citrus grandis Pomelo


Citrus limon Lemon


Citrus medica Citron
    Citrus nobilis King mandarin


Citrus paradisi Grapefruit


Citrus reticulata Common mandarin


Citrus sinensis Sweet orange
    Citrus unshiu Satsuma
         
      Subgenus Papeda    
    Citrus hystrix Mauritius papeda (Kaffir lime)
   
   
Citrus ichangensis Ichang papeda
    Citrus junos Yuzu
    Citrus latipes Khasi papeda
    Citrus micrantha Small-flowered papeda
    Citrus micrantha var microcarpa Small-fruited papeda
    Citrus sphaerocarpa
Kabosu papeda
    Citrus sudachi Sudachi papeda


Citrus webberii
Kalpi papeda
         


Fortunella crassifolia Meiwa kumquat


Fortunella hindsii Hong Kong kumquat


Fortunella japonica Marumi kumquat


Fortunella margarita Nagami kumquat


Fortunella obovata Fukushu kumquat


Fortunella polyandra Malayan kumquat







Eremocitrus glauca Australian desert lime


Citrus
gracilis
Humpty Doo lime
         


Microcitrus australasica Australian finger lime
    Microcitrus australasica var. sanguinea Australian red lime


Microcitrus australis Australian round lime


Microcitrus garrowayi Mount White lime


Microcitrus inodora Russel River lime


Microcitrus maideniana Maiden's Australian lime


Microcitrus papuana Brown River finger lime
    Microcitrus virgata Sydney hybrid


Microcitrus warburgiana New Guinea wild lime







Poncirus trifoliata Trifoliate orange


Poncirus trifoliata var. monstrosa Flying Dragon







Clymenia polyandra Clymenia





  The Citrus Fruit Trees      

 
Severinia buxifolia Boxthorn


Atalantia
ceylonica
Ceylon Atalantia
    Atalantia citroides Cochin China Atalantia
         
 
Triphasineae:
 The Minor Citroid Fruit Trees



Triphasia trifolia Limeberry





 
Clauseninae
:
 The Remote Citroid Fruit Trees



Clausena lansium Wampee


Glycosmis pentaphylla Orangeberry


Murraya koenigii Curry leaf


Murraya paniculata Mock orange





 
Balsamocitrinae
: The Hard-Shelled Citroid Fruit Trees


Aegle marmelos Bael fruit


Balsamocitrus daweii Uganda powder-flask fruit





 
Subfamily: Toddalioideae
Tribe: Toddalieae
Subtribe: Toddaliinae


Casimiroa edulis White Sapote






The names in the above table are the classic names used in much of citrus literature and in the above-mentioned part of The Citrus Industry.
For today's approach to the botany of citrus fruits and the actual names used on Citrus Pages please see the Citrus Classification page.




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Page up-dated 23 November 2009

http://citruspages.free.fr/aurantioideae.html